The end of the year is also the time of various retrospective evaluations and assessments. One of the most important statistics that people from all over the world are presented with is the Corruption Perceptions Index, the most widely used indicator of corruption worldwide. Since the turn of the new millennium, Transparency International has published the Corruption Perceptions Index annually ranking countries by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys. The CPI draws on data sources from independent institutions specializing in governance and business climate analysis. As Transparency International points out, the CPI it is not a verdict on the levels of corruption of entire nations or societies, or of their policies, but rather an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption. While the first places (with the lowest corruption) are almost invariable with New Zealand and Northern European countries ranking at the very top, the bottom of the list is more changeable. To learn what the 25 most corrupt countries according to the 2014 CPI were, check out todayÂ´s post.
Located in the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia, Cambodia has one of the best economic records in Asia, with growth averaging 6 percent over the last decade but corruption remains the countryÂ´s major setback. Paradoxically, the 2010 Anti-Corruption Law makes this problem even bigger since it provides no protection to whistleblowers who can be jailed for up to 6 months if they report corruption that cannot be proven. With a score of 21, Cambodia ranked as the 20th most corrupt country according to the 2014 CPI.
With a population of about 25 million, Angola is another African country that suffers from particularly high corruption. Emerging from nearly three decades of conflict and instability, Angola continues to face major challenges of weak governance and widespread corruption at all levels of society. Corruption in Angola takes various forms from bureaucratic, political and grand corruption to embezzlement of public resources or systematic looting of state assets. The government has introduced some reforms to fight the problem but so far, they have been too ineffective and underdeveloped.
Occupying a total area of approximately 118,000 square kilometers (45,000 square miles), Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country located in East Africa. Despite a tumultuous past marked by several major wars such as the Eritrean War of Independence, the Eritrean-Ethiopian War or conflicts with both Djibouti and Ethiopia, the countryÂ´s economy has experienced considerable growth in recent years, indicated by an improvement in gross domestic product. But even the favorable economical conditions have not reduced the corruption rate which is very high in Eritrea. With the CPI score of just 18 points, Eritrea ranks as the 10th most corrupt country in the world.
5. South Sudan
South Sudan is a landlocked country in northeastern Africa that gained its independence from Sudan in 2011. However, since its independence, the country has suffered internal conflicts that prevent it from any further development. The country holds several sad worldÂ´s primacies such as the highest maternal mortality or female illiteracy rates. Extreme poverty, human rights abuse, unemployment and corruption are something local people have to deal with every day. Public servants are known to demand bribes for services that individuals or companies are legally entitled to and government officials are frequently involved in corrupt practices without ever being investigated.
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